war

war
war (wôr)
n. 1) a) A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties. b) The period of such conflict. c) The techniques and procedures of war; military science. 2) a) A condition of active antagonism or contention: »

a war of words; a price war.

b) A concerted effort or campaign to combat or put an end to something considered injurious: »

the war against acid rain.

intr.v. warred, war·ring, wars 1) To wage or carry on warfare. 2) To be in a state of hostility or rivalry; contend.
Idiom:
at war In an active state of conflict or contention.
[Middle English werre, from Old North French, of Germanic origin; see wers-.]
Word History: War can be traced back to the Indo-European root *wers–, "to confuse, mix up." In the Germanic family of the Indo-European languages, this root gave rise to several words having to do with confusion or mixture of various kinds. One was the noun *werza–, "confusion," which in a later form *werra– was borrowed into Old French, probably from Frankish, a largely unrecorded Germanic language that contributed about 200 words to the vocabulary of Old French. From the Germanic stem came both the form werre in Old North French, the form borrowed into English in the 1100s, and guerre (also the source of guerrilla) in the rest of the Old French–speaking area. Both forms meant "war." Meanwhile another form derived from the same Indo-European root had developed into a word denoting a more benign kind of mixture, Old High German wurst, meaning "sausage." Modern German Wurst was borrowed into English in the 1800s.

Word Histories. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • War — War, n. [OE. & AS. werre; akin to OHG. werra scandal, quarrel, sedition, werran to confound, mix, D. warren, G. wirren, verwirren, to embroil, confound, disturb, and perhaps to E. worse; cf. OF. werre war, F. querre, of Teutonic origin. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • War — War, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Warred}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Warring}.] 1. To make war; to invade or attack a state or nation with force of arms; to carry on hostilities; to be in a state by violence. [1913 Webster] Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • War — War, v. t. 1. To make war upon; to fight. [R.] [1913 Webster] To war the Scot, and borders to defend. Daniel. [1913 Webster] 2. To carry on, as a contest; to wage. [R.] [1913 Webster] That thou . . . mightest war a good warfare. Tim. i. 18. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • War — War, a. Ware; aware. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • War on I-4 — is the nickname for the rivalry between the Tampa Bay Storm and the Orlando Predators in the Arena Football League. The teams have met at least twice and up to four times a season since 1991, and both have consistently been at the top of the… …   Wikipedia

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  • war — I. noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: Middle English werre, from Anglo French werre, guerre, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German werra strife; akin to Old High German werran to confuse Date: 12th century 1. a. (1) a state of usually …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • war — See: COLD WAR, TUG OF WAR …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • war — See: COLD WAR, TUG OF WAR …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • War rape — describes rape committed by soldiers, other combatants or civilians during armed conflict or war. Rape in the course of war dates back to antiquity, ancient enough to have been mentioned in the Bible. During war and armed conflict rape is… …   Wikipedia

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